We must be careful not to get dehydrated and overexposed to the heat.
First off, stay ahead of the hydration curve and pack plenty of WATER for the day’s activities. Limit Coffee, Tea, Sodas and Alcohol, or anything with caffeine these have a diuretic effect, and make you expel vital fluids. If you are going to be in the heat PACK WATER, lots of water. Drink it all day. Cold water is assimilated in to the body much faster than warm water. Most Sports Drinks do little to help with dehydration. Some have electrolytes but most contain mostly carbohydrates and sugar. Sports drinks should be consumed at a rate no higher than 1 Sports Drink to 4 similar portions of WATER.
Signs of Dehydration;
Thirst, Decrease in urination, Darkening of the urine color to dark yellow or orange.
Dizziness/Light head, Fatigue, and as it progresses; Dry Mouth, Dry Skin, Increased Heart Rate and Breathing.
In Children & Older Adults; Dry Mouth/Tongue, No Wet Diapers for 3 hours, Sunken Eyes or Cheeks, Irritability, Listlessness, Skin Stays up when pinched (poor turger).
DEHYDRATION can lead to HEAT STROKE.
HEAT STROKE can develop rapidly and must be treated quickly. Heatstroke comes from long exposure to the sun and heat. We produce a tremendous amount of heat in our bodies through normal activities, this heat is normally dissipated by our sweat and the cooling effect it has on our bodies. When we quit sweating we build up internal heat at a rapid rate. This heat can quickly build to an unhealthful degree causing damage to our brain.
Older Persons, Infants and those on certain medications are at a higher risk.
Some Signs of Heat Stroke;
Hot Dry flushed skin that is not sweaty, Headache, Dizziness, Disorientation/Confusion, Agitation, Sluggishness, Fatigue, and Rapid heart rate, can progress to; Seizure, Hallucination, Loss of consciousness, Dangerously High internal body temperature.
WHAT TO DO FOR HEAT STROKE; Heat Stroke can be life threatening
Remove the person from the sun.
Keep the person calm.
Slightly elevate feet to minimize shock.
Remove clothing apply cool water to the skin (artificial sweat) and fan to cool.
Apply ice pack to armpits and groin if needed.
In extreme cases place person in makeshift tub and fill with water and ice.
Maintain airway and monitor vital signs.
Keep record with times of symptoms and treatment for ambulance if possible.